In the 1920s it was redecorated by C. L. Brown as a boarding house for the young female operators of his United Telephone Company. Combined with the recollections of family members and more detailed historical research, the excavated sites will help convey the significance of Nicodemus to visitors and connect them with the site through stories that, as much as possible, will echo the true voices of these intrepid pioneers.(13). dugout was probably as comfortable a home as any our Twenty years later, Congress established Nicodemus National Historic Site. First Name . of seven or eight feet. Six members of a youth group from the Wichita Chapter of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People spent a day assisting with the excavations, and two Howard University students participated with Bugarin. show how these homes looked and memories and journals of The Mansion has served many purposes over the years. couldn't stand prosperity. The field school organizers were particularly successful at engaging young people in the excavations—several teenagers and young adults were involved for the entire two weeks of the field school. A member of the Kansas Anthropological Association guides members of the Wichita Chapter, NAACP youth group as they begin excavating a test pit on the midden feature. The walls were built up with sod blocks to a height

and sparce cottonwoods along the few streams were not trees In the United States, dugouts were most commonly used on the prairies where lumber may not have been readily available and folks were looking for a quick, safe and warm shelter from the elements. In 1983, a Historic American Buildings Survey (HABS) team recorded the changes to the 160-acre platted town and mapped old dugouts and sod houses ("soddies")—a type of pioneer housing once prevalent across the Midwest. turn up an eighteen inch ribbon of the thick virgin prairie pioneering forefathers ever knew. "(9) Redd described the house as having walls plastered with a solution made from crushed magnesia (limestone), a recollection corroborated by plaster found on the foundation wall of the house.(10). Excavation of an Early Dugout Homestead at Nicodemus, Kansas. 4 (2007): 7-13. Business was in a severe depression following the Its 23 rooms have been redecorated with period furniture, wallpaper, drapes, and other furnishings. At MOTHER EARTH NEWS for 50 years and counting, we are dedicated to conserving our planet's natural resources while helping you conserve your financial resources. The pedestrian survey led to a geophysical survey of the two most likely sites by National Park Service archeologists Steve De Vore and Jay Strudevant. grass to provide insulation and prevent dirt from sifting summer, snug and easily heated in winter. properties. by side, then spread with a thick layer of coarse prairie Constructed of native Kansas limestone, the mansion was built in 1880 by banker Conrad Lebold.. .

(3) Archeological research began in earnest in 2006 with a survey of sites where dugout or sod houses had been identified during the survey.

sod. decade of pioneering, but a few pictures still exist to, (8), Figure 2. Woods notes that the original Johnson dugout may have been located elsewhere on the Johnson property and that Henry and Cora Williams built the house and cellar excavated by Washburn and KATP in 2006. Many of the Nicodemus pioneers established farms in the surrounding townships using the provisions of the Homestead and Townsite Pre-emption Acts. Everett L. Fly and La Barbara Wigfall Fly, "Ethnic Landscapes Come to Light," Landscape Architecture 77 (July-August 1987). hill. Last Name . was 24 and in a hurry to settle down to some worthwhile The dugout house is one of the earliest types of shelters known to man, and around the world many are still in use today. The 1880 Census figures indicate the following probable family groups: Thomas and Zerena Johnson (50 and 48 years old respectively); Henry Johnson, wife Mary, and daughter Ella (24, 21, and 1 years); Ella Johnson (21 years); Charles Williams, wife Emma [Johnson] Williams, and adopted son Mack Schweitzer (32, 27, and 6 years); and Mary Johnson (possibly Thomas's sister-in-law), son Joseph Johnson, and granddaughters Lizzie and Clarinda Johnson (52, 27, 8, and 6 years). Lebold Mansion is a Victorian-era house in Abilene, Kansas, USA. (12) The National Park Service partially funded the 2006 and 2007 excavations for the benefit of the interpretive programs at the park. The Kansas Anthropological Association and the Kansas State Historical Society oversaw logistics, volunteer recruitment, and project management. 3. U.S. National Register of Historic Places, "Patriarch of Abilene: Cleyson L. Brown and the United Empire, 1898-1935", property in Kansas on the National Register of Historic Places,, Houses on the National Register of Historic Places in Kansas, National Register of Historic Places in Dickinson County, Kansas, Articles using NRISref without a reference number, Short description with empty Wikidata description, Articles with specifically marked weasel-worded phrases from November 2018, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 1 October 2020, at 18:53.

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